Not a lot of people have heard of the incredible city of Budva. It’s located in Montenegro, right on the coast of Adriatic Sea. The city itself is quite small – only 18, 000 people live there permanently, although the population greatly increases during holiday season. The Budva coastal area is called “Budvanska rivijera” and it’s the center of all tourism in Montenegro. Perfect sandy beaches, rich nightlife and beautiful architecture – this is the combination that attracts hundreds of thousands tourists to this part of Montenegro every year. Budva is around 3500 years old which actually means it’s one of the oldest known villages on the coast of the Adriatic Sea. With that much history, it’s safe to say there is a lot to see in this small city. Perhaps the most popular attraction is the Budva Kosmač fortress. It was built in the 1840s by the Austrian-Hungarian Empire and was one of the most strategically important defensive fortifications in the whole area. Even Emperor Franz Joseph visited the fortification once in 1875.
The Kosmač fortress is constructed out of locally dug grey limestone, which was brought in from local quarries. Because of this, the building blends with the surrounding terrain even nowadays.
Sadly, the warm climate provides no conditions for historical monuments to be preserved. Today, Kosmač fortress is in a dissatisfying condition – the roof is missing, internal walls and floors are collapsing and the whole structure is at a high risk of continued collapse. Nevertheless, Kosmač fortress still proves to be a worthy sight. Thousands of tourists visit it every year, enjoying the spirit of the place and the magnificent view over the surrounding area.
There are a few other keeps in Budva. The oldest one is called the Citadel and was presumably built in 840. Fort Kastio was constructed in the 16th century by Venetians and was an important military station. The “newest” fortress is Fort Mogren – built in 1860 in the west side of town.